Did you know that Harry Potter, Bram Stoker’s Dracula and even the Lord’s Prayer have roots in Exeter – and Charles Dickens was known to frequent the corner of one of its pubs?
After the city was awarded prestigious UNESCO City of Literature status – making it the only place in the UK to get the honour this time around – we have taken a look at its famous literary connections.
The capital of Devon now joins 65 other cities across the world who have become part of the UNESCO Creative Cities Network.
Exeter’s bid for the honour was a collaboration of people and organisations across the city and centred around 1,000 years of unbroken history around reading and writing.
Councillor Phil Bialyk, leader of Exeter City Council, said: “This is fantastic news for Exeter. Once again this is international recognition for the city and its cultural offer.
“Exeter spends more on culture than most other cities in the country.
“Many of the 66 cities that have become part of the UNESCO Creative Cities Network across the world are much bigger cities with larger populations, demonstrating that Exeter is once again punching above its weight.”
Exeter’s famous literary connections:
JK Rowling is best-known for the Harry Potter phenomenon, which has won multiple awards and sold more than 500million copies, becoming the best-selling book series in history.
The author studied at the University of Exeter and graduated in 1986 after earning a BA in French and classics.
It had long been rumoured – and had even become folklore – that Gandy Street was the inspiration for the cramped streets of Diagon Alley and the Old Fire House was the pub which was the inspiration for The Leaky Cauldron.
However, last year, Rowling shot down the rumour to her 14million Twitter followers around the world when she revealed that she had never even been to the pub.
Dickens created some of the world’s best-known fictional characters and is regarded by many as the greatest novelist of the Victorian era.
His works enjoyed unprecedented popularity during his lifetime and, by the 20th century, critics and scholars had recognised him as a literary genius.
Although not born in Exeter, the Turks Head pub famously hosted the author, who would sit in an area since dubbed ‘Dickens Corner.’
A character from Pickwick Papers is linked to a person he observed during his time sipping a drink.
Exeter’s links to Bram Stoker’s Dracula are strong as it inspired the writer’s spooky tale and even appeared prominently in it.
It has long been known that Stoker used the city’s Cathedral Close for part of his original Dracula story.
In the world-famous chiller, it is the place from where the young solicitor Jonathan Harker leaves to go to Transylvania and, later in the story, Harker receives correspondence from the city.
Writer and horror expert Andy Struthers said many people, including Stoker’s descendants, have visited Exeter to try to find any connection as to why the Irish author chose the city.
He said: “The Book of Werewolves and The Vampire Tale provided Stoker with elements of his story, and virtually everything he needed for the creation of his vampire Count, possibly including the voice of his vampire, which was female.
“Both books, were written by the same man, Sabine Baring-Gould, who also wrote the famous hymn Onward Christian Soldiers in 1865.
“Sabine Baring-Gould (1834-1924), was a famous Anglican priest, who just happened to come from the Sidwell Street area of Exeter.
“Exeter was included in the novel as a way of saying thank you to Baring-Gould, and the masses of material that he had provided the Irish author with.”
Richard Hooker – the father of Anglicanism – did work during the Reformation that helped shape England and make it what it is today.
Born in Heavitree in 1554, he was educated at the Grammar School in High Street before going to Corpus Christi College, Oxford, at the age of 15.
He was an English priest in the Church of England and was one of the most important English theologians of the 16th century.
His defence of the role of redeemed reason informed the theology of the 17th century writer Caroline Divines and later provided many members of the Church of England with a theological method which combined the claims of revelation, reason and tradition.
His works included a ‘Learned Discourse of Justification’ and ‘Of the Lawes of Ecclesiastical Politie’.
William George Hoskins, born in Exeter in 1908, founded the first university department of English Local History.
His great contribution to the study of history was in the field of landscape history.
Hoskins demonstrated the profound impact of human activity on the evolution of the English landscape in a pioneering book, The Making of the English Landscape.
His work has had lasting influence in the fields of local and landscape history and historical and environmental conservation.
His book Devon, a volume that included a gazetteer of all 430 parishes of the county, along with chapters covering the history of the county and its towns, was published in 1954.
Some consider it to be the finest modern county history; several of the photos for Devon where taken by FL Attenborough, vice-chancellor of Leicester, and father of David and Richard.
His book Two Thousand Years in Exeter is the most comprehensive study of his native city available, and was republished in 2006, with an update by local author Hazel Harvey.
Born in 1516 in Alphington, Robert Stone only ever put together one composition – but it was to possibly the most famous text ever written.
Around 1550, he put together the first setting of the Lord’s Prayer.
It was first printed by John Day in Certaine Notes (1565) and its free rhythmic structure resembles the French vers mesuré.
The Lord’s Prayer, also called the Our Father, is a venerated Christian prayer which, according to the New Testament, Jesus taught as the way to pray.
Born in Exeter in 1824, Henry Chadwick became a sportswriter, historian, and baseball statistician, and is known as the ‘Father of Baseball’ for his early reporting on and contributions to the development of the game.
He edited the first baseball guide that was sold to the public.
Chadwick is credited with creating box scores, as well as creating the abbreviation ‘K’ that designates a strikeout.
He is said to have created the statistics of batting average and earned run average (ERA).
For his contributions to the game of baseball, he was elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame by the Veterans Committee in 1938.